A party seeking to restrict another's commercial activities must consider whether such terms are normal in similar, factual and contractual circumstances.
This ruling confirms the Advocate General’s opinion in this case, which we released a briefing on earlier this year – see here for our full commentary on the implications of the same.
In light of the ECJ’s ruling, employers will need to make sure that travel time to and from work for workers with no fixed or habitual place of work is taken into account when calculating:
- entitlement to rest breaks;
- compliance with night working limits; and
- that the maximum 48 hour average working week (over a 17 week reference period) is not exceeded – unless the worker has signed an opt out.
It may also impact on the accrual of annual leave for those who work irregular hours.
As we mentioned in our previous briefing, the ruling is not directly relevant to working time for National Minimum Wage (NMW) purposes. Employers do not therefore need to start taking into account journeys to and from work for the purposes of ensuring compliance with NMW following this ruling as the wording of the NMW Regulations is clear that this time wouldn’t be covered. However, the ruling does provide an insight into the approach the courts are taking, and we expect more developments of the law in this area.
For more information
This ebriefing considers the Government’s proposals for challenges, as set out in Chapter 7 of the Green Paper entitled 'Fast and fair challenges'.
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Family team partner, Elizabeth Wyatt, is delighted to congratulate Kadie Bennett for attaining Resolution Specialist Accreditation in both children law - private and complex financial remedy matters.
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